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Keywords: Ballast behavior, discrete element modeling, DEM, Discrete Element Method, triaxial test, fouling, dynamic train loading, ballast degradation and image analysis
Abstract: An innovative integrated computational-experimental laboratory testing framework has been developed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to evaluate clean and fouled...
Keywords: Ballast degradation, triaxial testing, ballast box, heavy axle load, HAL
Abstract: Transportation Technology Center, Inc. (TTCI) and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), in conjunction with Union Pacific Railroad (UP), investigated ballast...