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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Commuter Rail Seat Tests in Open-Bay Configuration

Document Series
Technical Reports
Author
Federal Railroad Administration
Report Number
DOT/FRA/ORD-22/16
Office
RPD-32
Subject Crashworthiness - Passenger Equipment
Keywords
Passenger seats, open-bay, facing seats, dynamic testing, structural integrity, occupant safety, crashworthiness, dynamic sled testing, anthropomorphic test device, ATD, rail passenger safety, secondary impacts

Open-bay seating is a common configuration in U.S. passenger railcars. The current version of the American Public Transportation Association’s safety standard on passenger seating (APTA PR-CS-S-016-99, Rev. 3) requires open-bay seats to be tested if more than 50 percent of a car’s seating is configured as open-bay. The objective of this research study was to determine if existing seats  developed for use in a row-to-row configuration would comply with the seat safety standard requirements in the open-bay configuration without any design modifications. Of the four seat types tested, only one satisfied all of the human injury criteria.


Last updated: Monday, April 25, 2022