USA Banner

Official US Government Icon

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure Site Icon

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Site Notification

Site Notification

U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Longitudinal Forces in Railroad Track

Document Series
Technical Reports
A. Ya Kogan, M. Yanowitch
Report Number
FRA-ORD 76-11
Subject Continuous Welded Rail
Longitudinal Forces, Displacements, Continuous Welded Rail, Track Stability, Force-Displacement Diagrams, Track, Thermal Forces

DOT is committed to ensuring that information is available in appropriate alternative formats to meet the requirements of persons who have a disability. If you require an alternative version of files provided on this page, please contact
Last updated: Sunday, January 1, 1967